Continuous Casting Methods for Steel: Past, Present and Future


A one-step commercial process that can cast liquid steel casting company straight into a finished sheet product has been developed, according to this historical summary of casting techniques used to create steel sheets for vehicles, household items, rocket bodies, etc. Progress Recent developments toward this aim attest to this, but there are still significant obstacles along the way.

The Past

Thus, a transformative paradigm was introduced to the steel casting foundry as a result of the early research efforts and work carried out by Siegfried Junghans (1887–1954) in Germany, aiming at decreasing the waste produced by the ingot casting process.

The rapid advancement of continuous casting technologies since the seismic shift from ingot casting to CCC. It started in the 1950s, after CONCAST produced its initial concepts for continuous casting equipment. These casters were created in partnership with several pioneering businesses and their committed researchers, who understood the significant economic benefits that resulted from this novel casting equipment. 

Iain Halliday, who worked at the Scottish company Barrow Steel Works, was a crucial player in the invention of the continuous casting technique. 

During the downstroke, the mold descended at a little quicker rate than the strand, a phenomenon he called negative strip. He was able to attain casting speeds of 14.5 m/min in 1958 thanks to this invention, which also helped to address the sticking of the expanding frozen steel shell onto the copper mold. For these fixed or stationary mold methods, this casting speed continues to be a world record. 

The Present

The left-hand side of Figure 1 depicts the condition before the introduction of continuous casting in the middle of the 1950s. In 1954, the first commercially effective vertical mold continuous casting process in North America was put into service to create Stainless steel casting foundry slabs are cast using a stick caster at Atlas Steels’ Welland Plant in Ontario, Canada. Today, except a few speciality steel uses, ingot casting has been completely phased out globally.

The effective creation of slag-lubricated, oscillating, open-ended mold machines has allowed for yield gains of about 10-15% for this new casting technology paradigm. The behaviour of these mold fluxes and the different continuous casting machines that dominate the steel casting foundry processes are fundamental to the operation of these molds.

Demonstrates a typical continuous casting process that includes a tundish, a water-cooled, chromium-plated, copper alloy mold, a mold oscillator, a group of cast strand supporting rollers, rolls for bending and straightening the strand, rolls to pinch and squeeze the cast strand, and a mold.

Taking out the cast strands, water spray nozzle clusters to remove heat from the strand, a torch cutter to cut the cast strand, and a dummy bar are all necessary. At start-up, this dummy bar inserts in the bottom of the open mold, giving the strand a foundation on which to freeze. 

The future

The freezing of a steel shell, which forms either against a vibrating “stationary,” against a moving belt, or against twin rollers, is a common process in all continuous casting processes. The formulas for mold powders are crucial for the fixed CCC technique because they prevent the surface of molten steel from suffering considerable heat losses and stay molten at 900 °C to provide lubrication between the surface of the forming slab and copper mold. 

To avoid the freshly created shell clinging to the copper mold, this is necessary. Many people have also hypothesized that the oscillatory motion aids in the feeding of molten slag into the mold or thread.

This is valid according to thorough CFD Simulations. It undoubtedly aids with strand-sticking issues, which cause fragile shells and expensive liquid steel “breakouts.”

These steel breakouts may result in molten steel freezing onto the caster’s guide rollers, resulting in protracted downtimes. 

Also Read: Why Do You Need a Website Screenshot Generator Tool?


From this paper, one may infer that fixed and mobile mold casting machine designs are inevitably coming together to produce steel casting sheets in a single continuous process. As a result, the factories will be smaller and have less equipment. Staff, as well as improved efficacy.


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